hi everybody and welcome back to love
English I’m Sabrah and I’m a British University English teacher thank you
very much for being patient about this video as I’ve been away for a couple of
weeks I’ve been on holiday I’ve been to America great country that it is so
hopefully I’m a little bit tanned but thank you very much for your patience
now if you want to speak more formally at work or to write in a more formal
manner at work or if you’re studying perhaps at a university or studying
English for exams then these academic words are going to be so helpful for you
so today’s lesson is 25 essential academic English words before we get started guys we’d really like to
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lesson but don’t forget if you haven’t already subscribed to us click that
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can also check out our website www. loveenglish.co.uk so for each of these words
guys I’m going to give you the meaning and then the part of speech so for
example noun verb adjective as well as an example sentence okay number one
number one is alternative alternative which is a noun verb is to alternate to
alternate so the stress changes there an alternative of course means a different
option so you might say there’s an alternative method instead of saying
there’s another method or you could say alternatively in an essay and use the
adverb rather than saying let’s do it a different way or on the other hand my
example sentence is an alternative to using petrol in cars is vegetable oil number two an acquisition an
acquisition which is a noun verb is to acquire an acquisition is something that
somebody has obtained or somebody has got it can often be something which is
considered to be important so an asset to a company for example a new contract
or a deal or a new building any of these can be considered acquisitions example
sentence is our most exciting recent acquisition is the contract with
Starbucks number three is aspect an aspect an
aspect is a part or a factor so you could say one negative aspect of moving
to another country is that sometimes you can get culture shock
number four analyse this is a verb the noun is analysis analysis of the stress
changes they’re difficult words to spell you have to remember how to spell those
to analyse means to look at something in detail or in depth and often to try and
understand why something has happened so this word is so common in academic
writing so an example sentence would be this paper will analyse the effects that
climate change is having on smaller world economies now I have a little challenge for you
guys do any of you know how you say the plural of analysis what is the plural of
analysis if you do know it then please leave it in the comments for me below and
you will definitely get a thumbs up from me number five is a benefit or to
benefit noun and verb are actually the same same pronunciation now a benefit is
something which is a good thing a good factor a positive effect of something
but we would not usually say this is a good thing in academic writing we will
say the benefits of using this approach are or one of the benefits or a possible
benefit so it’s a much better way than saying this is a good way or this is the
best way or anything like that number six is to conduct to conduct now this
actually means to do or to carry out but it’s a much more formal way of saying
that so if we say we have conducted research this means we’ve done research
so an example sentence would be recent research has been conducted by the
University of Oxford into effective language teaching methods number seven is consistent which is an
adjective now consistent means that something is
acting or behaving in the same way over a period of time so we would say this
research is consistent with previous research for example which would mean
that the research is the same it’s revealed the same finding if we say
rainfall has remained consistent throughout the year we mean it stayed
pretty much the same nothing too unusual nothing that has varied too much from
the previous pattern number eight is context context which
is a noun the adjective is contextual now the context of something is actually
what surrounds or is around a particular thing so for example if we say different
words have different meanings in different contexts
we mean that in different sentences with different words around them a word can
change meaning so the context is what surrounds a situation who knows what the
verb is guys if you know the verb then leave it in the comments below and
you’ll get that thumbs up from me number 9 is consequence which is a noun we also
use this frequently in the adverb which is consequently consequently now the
consequence is the result of something or the outcome now for example if you
want to say in an essay and then this happened and then finally this happened
you can change this and you can say a consequence of this was or one of the
consequences, a great example sentence would be the consequences of this recent
space phenomenon have not yet been fully established number 10 is to contribute which means
to give , supply or even add to so you might say losing my job contributed to
my general feeling of unhappiness or eating so much cake contributed to my
weight gain a more academic example would be the contributions from various
academics have really added to the veracity of this paper number 11 is
crucial which is an adjective this means very important if we say
something is crucial we really are emphasizing the importance of it a
synonym is vital and an example sentence would be it is crucial that we address
the problem of climate change now number twelve is to correspond to
correspond now there are two meanings of this word but one of the meanings is to
have a close similarity so to almost match actually so if you say this data
corresponds with the findings from this data
you mean they almost match there is a very close similarity between them what
they are revealing is essentially the same the second meaning of to correspond
is of course to communicate we might for example say I’ve correspond it with your
colleague and this means I’ve had some communication with your colleague but
it’s quite a formal way to say that now an example sentence with the first
meaning is the findings from early archaeologists on ancient Egypt
correspond with what has also been found in the last decade number thirteen is concept a concept
the adjective is conceptual conceptual now a concept is an idea it is something that
is not in physical form yet it has been conceived it’s an idea an example
sentence would be the concept of virtual classrooms has now become a reality number fourteen is established
established there are many different meanings of this word but essentially it
means to set up or to put something in place or something which is already
matured and being accepted for example so if we say that this research is
established it means it’s been around for a little while it’s accepted for
example it’s not something which is new and people are not sure about but we can
also talk about buildings foundations organizations being established and this
means set up or begun actually number 15 bit of a hard one this one and it is
hegemony hegemony hegemony means dominance really so if one group has
hegemony over another group it means it has dominance we often use this word
when we talk about political ideologies and social groups we might say for
example that capitalism has hegemony in many cultures at the moment means it has
dominance it’s the dominant ideology really number sixteen is to indicate to
indicate and this means to point towards or to suggest very common word in
academic writing much better than using show or anything like that indicate
sounds much more formal and also a little bit more careful because it’s
saying it points towards this it doesn’t necessarily show it but it suggests it
an example sentence would be the pattern in these statistics has indicated that
an economic boom is likely number seventeen is impact usually in academic
writing we say something has an impact and this means an effect you’ll often
see something has a positive impact a negative impact or we might say the
impact of and then a noun an example sentence would be the positive impact of
modern medicine has been felt around the world number 18 is to identify to identify now
to identify can mean to understand the identity of something for example many
people might identify particular species of birds and insects and things like
that but in academic writing we really mean that somebody has found something
or they’ve understood something in more detail if we say science has identified
cancer-causing genes it means they’ve found these and they’ve understood them
in a much better way so it can be used in a much broader way in academic
writing number 19 is lack a lack of something usually we use this in the
phrase a lack of now instead of writing or saying there is not enough or a small
number you can say there is a lack so for example there is a lack of evidence
on this matter it’s a much more academic way of saying not enough number twenty
is perspective perspective and the verb is to perceive perspective is a view how
you view something so you might say my perspective is or from my perspective so
a lovely phrase that you could use in your writing or speaking is one
perspective on the matter is number 21 is significant significant and this
means important or interesting you can also say significantly which is the
adverb and here you’re really saying importantly or something which we need
to pay attention to significant can also mean dramatic so if you say there has
been a significant rise in students studying English you mean a big rise yes
you mean a dramatic rise number 22 is phenomenon phenomenon not always an easy
word to say phenomenon phenomenon manam phenomenon a phenomenon is really a
thing an occurrence something that has happened so if you say this phenomenon
you mean this thing that has happened this fact this circumstance this thing
but it’s a much more academic way of saying thing often when we talk about a
phenomenon it’s because there’s something interesting about it something
that is perhaps usual or that we need to pay attention
to an example sentence would be many theories have been put forward to
explain this phenomenon number 23 is potential potential means
possible something that hasn’t happened yet but could happen often in academic
writing and speaking we use this for predicting or presenting what could
happen for example a potential issue a potential impact a potential benefit an
example sentence would be we want all our love English followers to reach their
full potential number 24 is a variable a variable and a variable is a changeable
factor so in experiments and in science and programming you will often hear
people talking about variables and these are the changeable factors that can be
involved an example sentence would be there are so many variables so it’s
difficult to know how reliable the results will be number 25 is veracity veracity and
veracity means if something is true so if we say the veracity of this research
has been proved we mean the truth of this research how reliable and accurate
it is has been proved so we might refer to things having veracity and things not
having veracity okay everybody we’ve come to the end of our 25 essential
academic words I really hope those words help to raise the standard of your
writing and speaking sound more academic and well perhaps a little bit more
intelligent don’t forget your homework which I mentioned earlier in this lesson
and you can also try using any of these words in a sentence below and leave that
for me in the comments and I will do my best to check them as always thank you
so much for watching and we’ll see you soon on love English bye bye


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