7 Historical Landmarks That were Destroyed

From wonder of the ancient world to a cathedral
in flames, here are 7 historical landmarks that were destroyed. Number 7 Statue of Zeus
Around 435 BC, renowned Greek sculptor Phidias created a statue of Zeus that would be regarded
as a wonder of the ancient world. The 43-foot tall statue was erected at the
sanctuary of Olympia, Greece, in the Temple of Zeus. The ruler of the Olympian gods was depicted
sitting on a throne with a statue of Nike, the goddess of victory, in his right hand
and a scepter, with an eagle atop it, in his left. The statue was made out of gold and ivory
panels that were placed on a wooden framework. The cedar wood throne was decorated with ivory,
ebony, gold and precious stones. Some historic sources claim it to have been
so beautiful that “a single glimpse would make a man forget all his earthly troubles”. Many, including Roman general Aemilius Paulus,
felt as if they were in the presence of the god himself. The details surrounding the destruction of
the statue of Zeus are unknown but most sources claim it was lost in a fire, either at the
temple in Olympia or after it was moved to a palace in Constantinople. Number 6 Senator Tree
At one point, Florida’s Senator Tree was the both the largest and the oldest bald cypress
tree in the world. It was an estimated 3,500 years old. Native American people living in Central Florida
once used the tree as a landmark. It stood 125 feet tall with a trunk diameter
of 17.5 feet. Its original height was 165 feet. But, in 1925, a hurricane destroyed the top
of the tree. It represented a frequent attraction for visitors
ever since the 19th century, when most of the land surrounding it was swamp. Before we continue with our list, it’s time
for our quiz question. How was the Senator Tree destroyed? Was it:
bulldozed struck by lightning
brought down by another hurricane burned down
Let us know what you think in the comments section below and stay tuned to find out the
right answer. Number 5 Lighthouse of Alexandria
For a long time, the Lighthouse of Alexandria was one of the tallest man-made structures
in the world. Its construction was commissioned by the first
Ptolemy ruler of Egypt, after the death of Alexander the Great. The imposing 330-foot tall structure was completed
during the reign of Ptolemy II Philadelphus, between 280 and 247 BC. It’s regarded as one of the Seven Wonders
of the Ancient World and its construction cost about 26 tons of silver. A furnace at the top produced the light and
the tower was mostly built with solid blocks of limestone. The lighthouse was destroyed by a series of
earthquakes in 956, 1303 and 1323. Only a stub remained of the former structure
and it too disappeared during medieval times when a fort was built in its place. Some of the lighthouse ruins were rediscovered
in 1994, on the floor of Alexandria’s Eastern Harbor. Then, in 2016, plans were initiated by the
Egyptian government to turn the submerged ruins of ancient Alexandria into an underwater
museum. There’s also a proposition to include them
on a World Heritage List of submerged cultural sites. Number 4 Valetta Royal Opera House
The Royal Opera House was one of the most beautiful and iconic buildings in Valetta,
Malta’s capital city. The classic design was completed by 1861 and
the building opened its doors in 1866. Also known as the Royal Theatre, it had a
seating capacity of 1,095 with 200 people standing. A mere six years after the theatre’s opening
a devastating fire consumed its interior. Even though the outside was pretty much intact,
the intense heat calcified the interior stonework. The Royal Opera House was subsequently restored
and it opened its doors once more, in 1877, with a performance of Verdi’s “Aida”. Tragedy struck again, during World War II,
when the theatre was struck by German bombers. Direct hits from the Luftwaffe destroyed the
roof, the portico and the auditorium. The remaining structures were leveled towards
the end of the 1950s, as a safety precaution. Number 3 Crystal Palace
London’s Crystal Palace was a true marvel of the 19th century. Originally built in Hyde Park, the structure
was three times larger than St. Paul’s Cathedral. The enormous building was made out of cast-iron
and plate-glass. It fact, it had the greatest area of glass
ever seen in a building. Visitors marveled at its clear walls and ceilings,
which didn’t require interior lighting. The Crystal Palace was built to house the
Great Exhibition of 1851 and its displays of technology developed during the Industrial
Revolution. More than 14,000 exhibitors from all-over
the world gathered in the space, which measured close to one million square feet. It also had a length of 1,850 feet and an
interior height of 128 feet. After the exhibition was over, the Crystal
Palace was moved and rebuilt next to an affluent neighborhood in South London. It continued to house events and exhibitions
but deteriorated with time. Building the palace cost about $21 million. But relocating cost approximately $168 million. The move burdened developers with a huge debt
and the building gradually became unsustainable. Then, on November the 30th, 1936, a raging
fire completely consumed the Crystal Palace within hours. Number 2 Palmyra
After Islamic State militants captured the Syrian city of Palmyra, a wave of destruction
swept through the UNESCO World Heritage Site. Palmyra is one of the oldest cities in the
world with archaeological finds dating back to the Neolithic. Early in its history, the city was occupied
by different forces until it became part of the Roman Empire during the first century
AD. It was an important stop on the Silk Road
and its inhabitants became renowned merchants. As the city grew in wealth, it saw a number
of monumental construction projects. The Islamic State took control of Palmyra
in 2015. They subsequently destroyed numerous historic
landmarks, including the ancient Lion of At-lat statue, the 1st-century Temple of Baalshamin,
the Temple of Bel, the Tower of Elahbel and the Monumental Arch. So, how was the 3,500 year-old Senator Tree
destroyed? If you guessed c, burned down, then you’re
right. The fire at the top of the tree was reported
on January 16, 2012. Like a chimney, it had burned from the inside
out and, despite the firefighters’ efforts, the Senator collapsed. Only about 20 feet of charred remains were
left of it. A 26-year-old woman named Sara Barnes was
arrested by Florida’s forestry division for starting the blaze. She was subsequently sentenced to 30 months
in prison. Barnes told officers that she’d regularly
visit the tree site when the park was closed. On January the 16th, she lit a fire with debris
so that she could see in the dark. Unfortunately for the millenary tree, the
blaze got out of control and brought about its destruction. Number 1 Notre-Dame de Paris
The Cathedral of Notre-Dame de Paris is one of the world’s most recognized landmarks
and a celebrated example of French Gothic architecture. A symbol of the French nation, the cathedral
welcomed about 12 million visitors every year, making it one of the most visited Parisian
monuments. Its name translates as “Our Lady of Paris”
as it was consecrated to the Virgin Mary. The cathedral’s cornerstone was laid in
the spring of 1163 and it was largely complete by 1260. However, it underwent frequent modifications
in the centuries that followed. Its international popularity increased with
the publishing of Victor Hugo’s novel “Notre-Dame de Paris”, also known as “The Hunchback
of Notre-Dame”. In 1971, high-wire artist Phillipe Petit walked
a tight-rope between the Notre-Dame towers, a feat he would repeat three years later with
the World Trade Center Towers, in New York City. The cathedral was also the site for a number
of royal marriages, Napoleon’s coronation as Emperor of France and the funerals of several
French Presidents. Its long history has also seen tragedy in
the form of desecration during the French Revolution, two gunshots suicides at the altar,
a bombing attempt and, more recently, a destructive fire. On April the 15th, 2019, a fire broke out
beneath the roof of the cathedral and burned continuously for approximately 15 hours, before
it was extinguished. By that time, Notre-Dame’s spire and roof
had collapsed. There was also severe damage to its interior
windows and upper walls. The cathedral’s stone vaulted ceiling contained
the collapse of the burning roof, thus preventing more extensive damage to the interior. Some of the treasures and works of art were
evacuated in the early hours of the fire but others were destroyed or damaged. The fire is believed to have been connected
to the renovation works which were taking place at the time. There isn’t suspicion of a deliberate act. But as of the making of this video, the investigation
is still ongoing. President Emmanuel Macron promised a restoration
of the cathedral and within 24 hours, there were worldwide pledges amounting to over $900
million. Thanks for watching! The destruction of which landmark do you think
impacted the world the most? Let us know in the comments section below!


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