Discover NEW YORK Tour | Manhattan, Brooklyn, Queens, Bronx, Staten Island | Travel Big Apple NYC

This Edition of TIMELINE presents «Discover
NEW YORK CITY». The City of New York is situated on the Timeline
at the end of the nineteenth century. Although founded in the early 1600s, modern New York
City was consolidated and formed in 1898. To put this in perspective, Abraham Lincoln
was elected president in 1860 and World War Two ended in 1945. New York City, often called the Big Apple,
is the largest city in the United States and the center of global finance, communications,
entertainment, and business. New York is unusual among cities because of
its high residential density, its extraordinarily diverse population, its hundreds of tall office
and apartment buildings, its thriving central business district, its extensive public transportation
system, and its more than 400 distinct neighborhoods. The city’s concert houses, museums, galleries,
and theaters constitute an ensemble of cultural richness rivaled by few cities. The greater metropolitan region is an impressive
urban agglomeration of almost 24 million people. The population of New York City itself is
over 8 million. Each of its five boroughs is large enough to be an important city in
its own right, with populations exceeding those of many major North American cities. New York is the most ethnically diverse city
in the world. Millions of immigrants entered the United States through Ellis Island in
Upper New York Bay. A building complex on the Island served as a district headquarters
for U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Services until 1954. New York City still contains 2
million foreign-born residents. 11 out of every 20 New Yorkers are immigrants or the
children of immigrants. These eclectic cultures from around the world are reflected in the
street festivals and ethnic celebrations that take place year-round. Although many maps of New York exist, Timeline’s
choice is a simple map that is easy to comprehend, and fun to replicate for school projects. Now, let’s explore each part of this map: The city developed at the point where the
Hudson River mingles with the waters of the Atlantic Ocean and Long Island Sound. The
harbor consists of the Upper Bay, an arm of the Atlantic Ocean, and the various waterways
that border the city, including the East River, which is actually a salt water tidal strait.
New York’s harbor is one of the largest and finest in the world and is ice-free in
all seasons. Unlike most American cities, which make up
only a part of a particular county, New York City is made up of five separate counties,
which are called boroughs. Originally the city included only the borough of Manhattan,
located on an island between the Hudson and East rivers. In 1898 a number of surrounding
communities were consolidated and incorporated into the city as the boroughs of Queens, Brooklyn,
the Bronx and Staten Island. The Bronx is the only borough on the mainland. Manhattan
and Staten Island are surrounded by water, while Queens and Brooklyn are part of Long
Island. QUEENS, named for Queen Catherine the wife
of English King Charles II, is the largest of the five boroughs. Covering 109 square
miles at the western end of Long Island, Queens is separated from Brooklyn by Newtown Creek
and from the rest of the city by the East River and Long Island Sound. It stretches
to the Atlantic Ocean on the south and borders Nassau County on the east. It is overwhelmingly
residential and probably the most ethnically diverse community in the world. Queens has
2 million residents and is second in population only to Brooklyn among the five boroughs.
The neighborhoods of Queens have a strong sense of individual identity. Some are heavily
industrial and others are suburban-style enclaves of the well-to-do. Major ethnic concentrations
make up well-known neighborhoods such as Astoria, Woodside, Forest Hills, Flushing, and Elmhurst.
Queens is the home of Shea Stadium, Aqueduct Racetrack, the National Tennis Center, and
both LaGuardia and JFK airports. Queens hosted two successful World’s Fairs in 1939 and
1964. It has more than 6,400 acres of parkland, almost as much as the other four boroughs
combined, and it has 10 miles of beaches along the Atlantic Ocean. Queens is also known for
its numerous and enormous cemeteries. For example, Calvary Cemetery is the burial site
of 2.5 million persons, more than any other burial ground in the United States. BROOKLYN, a Dutch word, is the second largest
and most populous of the five boroughs. It is located on the southwestern tip of Long
Island, west of Queens and situated across the Upper Bay and the East River from Manhattan.
The borough is connected to Manhattan by the Brooklyn Bridge and has a land area of 70
square miles. Brooklyn has 2.5 million residents, more than any other U.S. city, with the exception
of the entire city of New York and the cities of Los Angeles and Chicago. Indeed, as a separate
municipality before 1898, it was the third largest city in the United States. Brooklyn
retains a strong separate identity. It has an important central business district and
dozens of varied and clearly identifiable neighborhoods, including Bedford Stuyvesant,
Williamsburgh, Crown Heights, and Borough Park. Brooklyn is the home of such major cultural
institutions as the Brooklyn Museum, the Brooklyn Academy of Music, and the Brooklyn Botanic
Garden. Coney Island is well known for its beaches and amusement parks. STATEN ISLAND is the third largest and least
populous of the five boroughs. It is located at the juncture of Upper & Lower New York
Bay. The island is physically closer to the state of New Jersey, to which it is connected
by four bridges, than to the rest of New York City, to which it is connected only by the
Verrazano-Narrows Bridge and the world-famous Staten Island Ferry. Staten Island encompasses
59 square miles. The southernmost of the five boroughs, it has 400,000 inhabitants, or about
5 percent of the population of the entire city. Staten Island has dozens of distinct
neighborhoods, and it has the highest proportion of single-family housing and owner-occupied
housing in the city, including many homes dating from the 17th and 18th centuries. The BRONX, another Dutch word, is the fourth
largest and the northernmost of the five boroughs, and the only one on the American mainland.
Even so, it is surrounded by water on three sides: Long Island Sound on the east, the
Harlem and East rivers on the south, and Hudson River on the west. Encompassing 42 square
miles, it has 1.3 million inhabitants. Largely residential, the Bronx includes dozens of
vibrant neighborhoods. Parts of the Bronx, however, fell victim to decay and abandonment
in the 1970s, when the population of the borough fell by 20 percent. Since then, the process
has reversed with rehabilitation of most devastated areas. The borough’s many attractions include
the world-famous Bronx Zoo, Yankee Stadium, and the New York Botanical Garden. MANHATTAN, a Native American word, is the
smallest of the five boroughs with a land area of 28 square miles. The borough consists
principally of the island of Manhattan, but also includes Governors Island, Randalls Island,
Wards Island, Roosevelt Island, U Thant Island, and Marble Hill, a small enclave on the edge
of the Bronx mainland. Manhattan’s population peaked in 1910 with 2.3 million people, after
which it began a slow decline to 1.4 million in 1980. Since then, the population has again
begun to increase, now at more than 1.6 million. Its residents inhabit diverse and colorful
neighborhoods such as Greenwich Village, SoHo, TriBeCa, and Harlem, as well as, many famous
avenues, streets and green spaces, like the iconic Central Park. Home of the United Nations,
Manhattan is the glittering heart of the metropolis and is the site of virtually all of the hundreds
of skyscrapers that are the symbol of the city. Among the most famous skyscrapers are
the Chrysler Building completed in 1930 and the Empire State Building finished one year
later. Notable religious structures include Saint Patrick’s Cathedral, the seat of the
Roman Catholic archdiocese of New York, and the Cathedral of Saint John the Divine, the
largest Gothic-style cathedral in the world. Other noteworthy buildings and landmarks include
the city’s first skyscraper, the Flatiron Building; Wall Street’s Stock Exchange building,
Federal Hall, the Statue of Liberty, and Grant’s Tomb, where repose President Ulysses S. Grant
and his wife. Because of its huge size, its concentrated
wealth, and its mixture of people from around the world, New York City offers its residents
and visitors a staggering array of cultural riches. The city is the world’s leading
center for performing arts. Manhattan is the center of New York’s cultural life. Numerous
stage & movie theaters are located around Broadway and Times Square in Midtown. Manhattan
is also home to prominent music & dance organizations, such as the New York City Opera Company, the
Metropolitan Opera Association, the Philharmonic-Symphony Society of New York, American Ballet Theatre,
& the New York City Ballet. The city’s impressive museums contain a wide range of artistic and
historical subjects. More than 100 institutions of higher education
operate in New York City, including some of the nation’s more prestigious centers of
learning. Columbia University is the oldest, wealthiest, and most famous of New York’s
institutions of higher education. Other leading educational institutions include New York
University, the nation’s largest private university; Fordham University, an important
Catholic institution; Yeshiva University, the nation’s first major college expressly
for the education of Orthodox Jews; and the Julliard School, which is widely regarded
as the most distinguished musical and performing arts institution in the nation. 21st century New York continues to grow and
transform itself. The World Trade Center Site is home to the National September 11 Memorial
& Museum, while the futuristic angular Freedom Tower, the tallest skyscraper in the Western
Hemisphere, now reigns over this beautiful metropolis. This concludes our fascinating journey of
discovery to New York City. We hope you have enjoyed this presentation
and look forward to meeting you again soon… along the TIMELINE.


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