Top 5 Most Mysterious Places In Ancient History

We love mysteries over here at Top 5 Scary
Videos. Mainly because, well, our planet is filled
to the brim with more legendary instances of intrigue and baffling occurrences of long-forgotten
history, that we need only take a look at the Ancient Wonders of the World to feel inspired
enough to charter a plane, assemble a rag-tag team of researchers and adventurers–slap
on a wide-brimmed leather hat–and begin our own journey to the most mysterious locations
of the ancient world. The fact of the matter remains, the strange
inconsistencies of our civilization frequently spark many more questions than they do answers–and
I don’t know about you, but I’m definitely in the mood for some ancient history. Hello horror fans, what’s going on–and
once again, welcome back to the scariest channel on YouTube–Top 5 Scary Videos. As per usual, I’ll be your horror host Jack
Finch–as today, we curiously take a look at the Top 5 Most Mysterious Places In Ancient
History. Roll the clip. For the curious amongst you, that scene was
of course–from the incredible third installment–The Last Crusade–which as we all know, is the
second greatest movie in the whole Indiana Jones franchise. And if you don’t agree with me, then yes–Raiders
of the Lost Ark wins that battle every damn day. Stil, it paints a vivid picture–right? Because what would this list be without setting
the scene for our Mysterious Places in Ancient History, and that film in particular also
happens to feature one of our entries. I’ll let you take a guess. Kicking off at Number 5 – The Longyou Caves And this place in particular is absolutely
mind-blowing, given the fact that if it was indeed made by human civilization–then we’ve
got to really take a look at how capable our ancient ancestors actually were at building
things. Picture this–in 1992, in the small Chinese
village of Longyou, the locals had lived for centuries besides a small series of ponds
that littered their landscape. Local legend believed that these ponds were
bottomless, infinite wells of water–but one local in particular, named Wu Anai, set out
to put that legend to the test. After pooling his money together with another
villager, he purchased a pump and completely drained one of the ponds–and that’s when
Wu Anai discovered that it wasn’t a pond at all–but instead, the flooded entrance
to an ancient series of man-made caves. But when I say caves, I don’t just mean
a few interesting holes in the Earth–I mean hand-carved caves–each the size of roughly
1000 square metres, reaching to heights of up to 100 feet. Inside, the ceilings–the walls–the pillars
that maintained their structural integrity–were all finished in the exact same manner, hand-carved
with a series of parallel bands and intricate markings. Now, no one has any clue how the hell these
caves were created–or who created them, but researchers have found that they date back
to at least 220 BCE–a period that predates the ancient Qin Dynasty, although no trace
of their construction–or even their existence–has ever been located in the historic record. In fact, up until their discovery in 1992,
the Longyou Caves were forgotten to the sands of time. It makes you think what else is lurking down
there, right? Coming in next at Number 4 – Petra And yes, of course–this is the scene that
I was alluding to in our opening clip, the Ancient City of Petra–described by UNESCO
as one of the most precious cultural properties of mankind’s cultural heritage. And perhaps one of the most amazing archaeological
wonders on this fair planet. This place is fascinating, and it’s a monument
to the fact that we really have no idea how capable humanity has been for thousands upon
thousands of years. Petra, originally known to its inhabitants
as Raqmu, is believed to have been settled perhaps as early as 9000 BC–although earlier
estimations have been suggested. However, by the 5th century BC–it is believed
that the City of Petra itself was settled by the mysterious Nabataean Kingdom, an ancient
conglomerate of Bedouin tribes that were incredibly astute traders and economists–who for the
most part were a nomadic people–but recognised the significance of Petra’s geographical
location. And for the most part, that was fit exactly
for Petra’s purpose–as it quickly became a massive central hub for trading routes across
the world, gaining the Nabatean kingdom incredible wealth in the process. But, I mean–you just need to look at Petra
to start scratching your head at the incredible intricacies of it’s design. I don’t say this lightly–because The Rose
City of Petra is an absolutely stunning feat of engineering, at a time where nomadic societies
weren’t exactly known for their capability in raising wonders of the world. So, how *was* it built? Well, the leading theory so far is that the
Nabatean People harnessed the locations susceptibility to flash flooding–gradually carving the narrow
passages into the city-like network that we now know. Either way, whatever the truth to it–Petra
is an Ancient Wonder to behold. Oh, and also, archaeologists have discovered
that there’s a gigantic monumental structure buried beneath the sands of Petra–so yeah. Do with that information as you will. Swinging in next at Number 3 – Derinkuyu Underground
City And if things weren’t already crazy enough–what
if I told you that there is an ancient, highly advanced underground complex carved beneath
the Central Anatolian city of Derinkuyu in Turkey, that is believed to have been large
enough to have sheltered up to 20 thousand people, and more than likely connects several
other similar underground complexes across the ancient historical site of Cappadocia? Yeah. My thoughts exactly. Erm, I almost don’t even know where to begin
with this one–because as the aeons of time have slowly shifted by, countless people have
taken shelter within Derinkuyu, using it as their home across the ages–and because of
that, it’s incredibly difficult to pinpoint just exactly when it was built. It’s purpose–however, is relatively clear. It’s a multi level city, built underground–carved
from the soft volcanic rock of the region. It consists of 18 stories that descend deep
into the Earth, comprised of sophisticated carved shafts, that house the complexes multitude
of amenities–communal rooms, wine cellars, oil presses–stables–even entire chapels. Each floor of the city can be closed off by
a series of large stone doors, which in theory–makes it some kind of ancient underground bunker,
given the other facilities gathered over time. Historically speaking, the Phrygians of the
8th century BCE were the first alleged inhabitants of the vast underground city, although the
fact of the matter remains–we may never truly know who built this place. Scholars have given many suggestions–primarily
being a sect of the Ancient Persians or the Hittites–but, I’m not entirely sure. Put a pin in this one–because there are many
more secrets to be learned. Next up at Number 2 – Nan Madol And what if I told you that this place in
particular, was the source of inspiration–for none other, than H.P Lovecraft’s Sunken
City of R’lyeh. As in, yes–in his house at R’lyeh, dead
Cthulhu waits dreaming. That one. But if that’s not impressive enough, the
ancient megalithic architecture of Nan Madol, just off the coast of the island of Pohnpei,
which is part of the remote islands of Micronesia–are something else entirely. And really, I don’t know what to think when
it comes to trying to decipher the eternal enigma that is Nan Madol–often referred to
as the eighth wonder of the world. There’s a reason it has left archaeologists
scratching their heads ever since it’s re-discovery in the early 19th century. Now, carbon dating has indicated that the
construction of the massive basalt stones of Nan Madol, began sometime in 1180 AD — although
many scholars find umbridge with this, given the fact that to move these giant hunks of
rock from tiny island to tiny island, and then carve them into a series of intricate
channels and platforms, is a feat in and of itself. It’s purpose is somewhat clear though, Nan
Madol appeared to have housed the ruling elite caste of the ancient Saudeleur Dynasty of
Pohnpei, where it was used as a political and ceremonial seat of power, essentially
housing a vast network of small floating platforms and islands that formed into a rich, majestic
capital city, carved from black stone. Yeah, I don’t want to make any assumptions,
but there are many more answers to be revealed by Nan Madol–and it’s no wonder that Lovecraft
found an ancient kind of inspiration from it. And finally — coming in at our Number 1 spot
— The Sajama Lines And whilst you more than definitely have probably
already heard of the Nazca Lines of Peru–I’m going to go one further, and highlight the
equally perplexing mystery that is the Sajama Lines of Western Bolivia–because boy oh boy,
are these things a head scratcher. The Sajama Lines are a network of thousands,
possibly tens of thousands, of perfectly straight paths that were etched into the ground by
the indigenous peoples of the Americas for more than 3000 years, that were situated near
the volcano of Sajama. Unlike the Nazca Lines though, this particular
network covers an area of over 22 and a half thousand square kilometres, which is approximately
fifteen times larger than their counterparts in Peru. And, what are they? Well–no one knows, and we may never know–but–what
*is* clear, is the startling precision in which they were made. These thousands of individual lines–each
three to ten feet in width, are almost perfectly straight mile after mile–despite the ever
changing rugged terrain of the highlands, which would have been quite a feat for modern
humanity, never mind an ancient indigenous people without the means to advanced construction
techniques. These geoglyphs were most likely created through
the process of scraping away the dark, oxidized rock of the volcanic surface–to reveal a
lighter sediment beneath. You see, despite all of these enigmas of ancient
history–the real question is *WHY* did these people go to such lengths of time and effort
to create them? What were their intentions of preservation? Who would have seen them or used them? Now, there are many leading theories–the
most prominent of which is that the Sajama Lines were used as a pilgrimage route to a
series of sacred sites, but yeah. I have no idea. I really have no idea. I mean–I *want* to know, but… will we ever? Well, on that ancient, existential note–there
we have it–our list for the Top 5 Most Mysterious Places In Ancient History. What did you guys think? Do you agree? Have any more to add to this series in particular? Then please, let us know your thoughts down
in the comment section below, as well as any choice picks of your own. Before we depart from today’s video, let’s
first take a quick look at some of your more resounding remarks from over the past few
days. First up, Irish Lass says — Awesomeness Jack! You are a mystery man. Who’s your favourite author of all time? — Well, thank you very much, but first off,
is that– you are a mystery, comma, man. Or you are a mystery man? As in like, a fan of mysteries — OR a mystery
themed superhero? That’d be dope. Anyway, I’m just trying to avoid the question,
because it’s perhaps the hardest question to answer. Purely as a writer? Stephen King. As a world builder? George Martin. As a complete and utter madman genius? Fyodor Dostoyevsky. Phew. That was a tough one. Well, on that note–unfortunately that’s
all we’ve got time for in today’s video–cheers for sticking around all the way until the

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