Tour of Budapest: Guide to the landmarks through history

The history in the architecture Budapest
is extremely colourful. Wherever you go you can touch the memories of the past
Centuries. Are you coming to Budapest? Let me show you around!
I’m Daniel and in this video I’m going to share the history behind the most
amazing landmarks of the city like the Buda Castle, Chain Bridge and the Heroes’
Square. If you liked this video please hit the like button below or feel free
to share it with your friends. I love to travel so if you’re interested in more videos like this don’t forget to subscribe to
my channel! Did you know that the area of Budapest
was once part of the ancient Roman Empire? The ruins of the city of Aquincum
are located on the outskirts of Budapest. But how Hungarians came to the
Carpathian Basin? As for many other nation a circle of Legends connected to
our prehistory. We believe our ancestors were nomadic warriors and you probably
heard about Attlia the Hun, right? During his reign he was one of the most
feared enemies of the Western and Eastern world. German French and Italian
literature portrays him as the epitome of barbarism. Some stories say that the
Huns and Hungarians are basically the same nation this is probably why we are
called Hungarians and our country Hungary basically all of the languages. But we call ourselves Magyar and our
country Magyarország. Why is this difference? A legend says long long time
ago there were two brothers Hunor and Magor. They were hunters who started to follow a miraculous deer. After many days of
chasing they ended up on a large field but lost their track back home. They
decided to start two new tribes. After many years the land was not enough for both
of them so the Magyars went West and the Huns went
East. Another legend says our ancestors were organized in seven tribes. Each
clans or tribes had its own leader. They wanted to set her down in the defendable
land so with the lead of Árpád, the head of the tribes, the Hungarian landtaking
began and they came to the Carpathian Basin. Árpád became the founder of the
country in 895. Hungry celebrated its 1,000th birthday in 1895. To commemorate
the millennium many construction began all around the city. The landmark of
Budapest, the central feature of the Heroes’ Square is the Millennium Monument which
reminds us to the Hungarian conquest of the Carpathian Basin. In the center of
the square you will find a column with a group of seven mounted figures
representing our seven leaders. On the column you will see the statue of
Archangel Gabriel. In his right hand he holds the holy crown Saint Stephen the
first king of Hungary. He was the first of the Hungarians
to become Christian and was crowned as king in December 1000. was even kept in
America’s Fort Knox for safekeeping now it is displayed in the central hall
of the Parliament building which sits proudly on the bank of the Danube and
serves as a seat of the National Assembly of Hungary the holy crowd of
hunger is older than the crown of the United
Kingdom dream of the current crown was created in the 1070 s it is made of gold
and decorated with 19 pictures as well as semi-precious stones
and first did you know that Hungary was a kingdom until 1946 with many Kings
from the Austrian Habsburg family speaking of kings the buda castle was
the main residence for the hungarian kings the castle and palace complex
laced on a buda hills and called eden royal palace or the royal castle this
district is filled with medieval baroque and 19th centuries buildings the
original royal residence was built in the 13th century and it has a really
troubled history it was destroyed and rebuilt over and over again in the
Middle Ages because of the rise of the Ottoman Empire
Ottomans were a threat to Christian Europe most of the Hungarian castles
including the Buda Castle was strengthened and new bastions were added
the buda side castle wall was protected by the fisherman’s guild and this is the
reason why it is called fisherman’s bastion this building was restored in a
neo-gothic and now Romanesque style and has seven towers which also represent
the seven tribes despite all the effort in 1541 the buda castle was occupied by
the Ottomans and the country was divided into three parts the hospital Hungary
the Ottoman Hungary and Transylvania do I doing at castle which was built as
part of the Millenial exhibition was designed to feature copies of several
landmark buildings from different parts of the kingdom of Hungary
especially the Union castle in Transylvania the building stands on an
artificial island and the surrounding lake serves as an open-air ice-skating
rink in the Hungarian battles against the
Ottoman Empire had significant consequences the legend has it that the
noon burrito commemorates the victory of the siege of McGrath which was part of
Hungary that time the Pope ordered the baths of every European Church to be
rung every day at noon as a call for believers to pray for the defenders the
Pope didn’t redraw the order and the Catholic Church’s steering the noon bell
to this day did you know that the Matthias Church in the heart of the
castle district became the city’s main mosque following the Ottoman capture of
Buda the origin or Church on his side was founded by our first King Sam Steven
and this is why you will find his statue next to it during the 150 years of the
occupation of the Ottomans many new buildings were built not just in
Budapest optimist were the leaders in the spreading of the bath culture
Budapest sits on a patchwork of almost 125 thermal springs and many Turkish
bath houses remained in the capital if you have free time
don’t miss the visit for example the Galea bath or the rue – bath did you
know that the largest medical bath in Europe is in Budapest staging in thermal
baths located in the city park as many indoor and outdoor pools and open oil
around back to the history after the recapture of the Buda Castle in 1686 the
Hungarian nationalism but austro-hungarian Empire stayed until
the first world war you probably heard that past and Buddha was two separate
cities it’s true that the new captain is two cities apart for centuries Buda and
pest only merged in 1873 and a new capital city was born the first
permanent bridge the chain bridge is the symbol of Budapest skyline the bridge is
guarded by lions but if you check them closely
they don’t have tons if you cross the bridge you will see another memory of
sands even the Basilica you have to see the view of past and Buddha from its
rooftop the inertia Avenue so called the Hungarian Schanzer is a connects the
city center with the millennium monument underneath this boulevard of fine cafes
and luxury boutiques lies the first underground railway in continental
Europe which was declared as World Heritage Site on the other shoe Street
if we apply the Hungarian state of her house it’s rich interior the red gold
colors provide a breathtaking experience and the acoustic here considered among
the world’s finest in 1914 with the assassination of Franz Ferdinand here
the throne of austria-hungary the first world war broke out the empire could not
divide its forces between the Russian and Serbian France and in 1918 the war
was ended with the fall of the German Russian
ottoman and austro-hungarian empires the peace agreement the Treaty of Trianon
formally ended the first world war the kingdom of Hungary lost 71 percent of
its land which was given to Romania the former chest of a Kia and Yugoslavia
it’s hard to believe that one hundred years ago the coast of Croatia was part
of Hungary we were crushed and the revision of treinen rose to the top of
Hungary’s political agenda we wanted to restore to greater country
Saudi Germany which was also a huge loser of the First World War the
worldwide Great Depression did not have a donation because of the drop in the
standard of living the negative political mood of the countries shifted
further towards the right the Germans led by Adolf Hitler wanted
to restore the German Empire and the territorial revisionism appealed to the
Hungarian desires in 1941 Hungary entered the second world war on the
German side and nationalist ideas raised Jewish quarters in Europe offering
protection to Jews during the war a large character was created where the
city center is today the dough highest Street synagogue was built before the
First World War in the Moorish Revival style it’s now the largest synagogue in
Europe and the second largest in the world nearly half a million Hungarian
Jews were victims of the Holocaust every leaf of the weeping willow in the garden
of the synagogue lists a name of a victim sadly the best times under the
Germans were replaced by bad times and interruptions when in 1945 Soviets
launched a strategic offensive and later the military occupation ensued the house
of terror on the Unruh street was the headquarters for both the Nazis and the
communist secret police this museum makes it clear that why the
universe changed the terror did not for almost half of the 20th century Russia
Soviet leaders controlled Hungarian people the
communist rule came to an end in 1989 I was three years old el the Liberty or
the freedom statue stands proudly on the top of the
however it was erected in remembrance of what was then referred to as the Soviet
liberation of Hungary during the Second World War
now it commemorates those who sacrifice their lives for the independence freedom
and prosperity of Hungary throughout the history Hungary was Bally independent
from the Ottomans to the hub sports from the Nazis to the Soviets
it was always under the control of other nations even during our troubled times
we always believed in a brighter future and now welcome you to experience our
hospitality unique cuisine amazing landscape and nightlife I know Eric coin
has two sides this is our side of the history so what
do you want to do next you can watch this amazing video or you can start
playing the playlist of my English videos or you can smash the subscribe
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